updated april 2016

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Vegetable Guide

Companion Planting

Crop Rotation

herbs

weeds: common annuals& perennials

slugs and snails

a fresh, detailed, topical item of interest updated every month

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recipes from our chefs Basil and Doyle

fellow plotdiggers share their pictures with us

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this monthheader

apr I made a little video in April one year giving a quick tour round the plot. It may be accessed here: Allotment Tour 12 April 2015

I will replace it when I have recorded another in the next few days.

Planting is going ahead pretty much to plan so far, although there is little growth so far. I put shallots and onions early in the month and broad beans and peas in mid March. One row of early potatoes, Colleen, were dibbed in about a week ago, four weeks before Good Friday.

Parsnips and Carrots were sown last week be when the temperature increased. The carrots are under a mesh to stop carrot fly contamination and hopefully they will be protected from slug damage by search and destroy plus sprinkling broken eggshells over where the rows of seeds will poke through. The red onions and white onions, and shallots are netted to deter the birds and/or rodents from pulling them out. The Peas and Broad Beans are covered them with plastic bottle cloches. And the former are showing through. The benefit of the bottle cloches is always shown by the odd one which has ‘lost its bottle’ being decimated by weevils. The Rhubarb is brilliant, and is ready to pull.

Traditional wisdom is to plant potatoes on Good Friday. The soil needs to warm up first to make planting most seeds worthwhile. However it’s not the weather now that matters with potatoes it is the weather when the foliage pops through. Any frost then will damage the growing tips. You can help protect them by earthing up for a while, but after that even fleece won’t work if it touches the leaves. The early potatoes are in, but I won’t be rushing to plant the second earlies, Maris Peer, and early maincrop potatoes, Desirée. There is no great urgency for this, for we will still be eating the early ones when the second earlies are ready to dig out. However the later you plant the maincrop the more risk there is of the dreaded blight. Hopefully in mid June we will have the pleasure of the steaming bowl of buttery sweet new potatoes for dinner. This is one of the greatest pleasures in growing your own vegetables, They are ready to eat (but small) in about twelve weeks, so I will be feeling around in the soil for the larger ones rather than digging up whole roots straight away. I wondered whether there might be a good reason to follow the Good Friday idea because the location of Easter depends on the movement of the moon. Synodic planting according to the waxing and waning cycle of the moon is coming under scrutiny and is gaining in popularity. Maybe planting on Good Friday is not such a bad idea after all since Easter’s date is decided on this basis.

I am including the March planting chart as well as April in case you need to refer to it. march space Summary of Planting in March

Time Plant Deep Apart Rows Points to note
early parsnips 1cm 10/15cm 15/22cm keep seeds damp to germinate
early lettuce 1cm 15cm 15cm only this early if protected by eg fleece
early beetroot 1cm 7cm 22cm choose bolt resistant variety
mid carrots 1cm 7cm 15cm cover with mesh against carrot fly
mid peas 4cm 3 seeds under plastic bottle.need support
mid red onion sets 2cm 15cm 15/22cm dib.push in. net against birds. Hand weed regularly
late early potatoes 10/15cm 30cm 60cm chit first.two staggered rows to a bed. protect from frost
late cabbage 1cm 45cm 45cm start in 6cm pots of compost protect against root fly when transplanted
late spinach 1cm 7cm 30cm
late leeks 1cm scatter in a big plant pot.just cover seeds




april Summary of Planting in April

Time Plant Deep Apart Rows Points to note
early more carrots 1cm 7cm 15cm cover with mesh against carrot fly
mid coriander 1cm 15/22cm 15/22cm scatter if you can identify them
otherwise plant in rows
mid parsley 1cm 15/22cm 15/22cm start inside in pots if slugs a problem
late more lettuce 1cm 15cm 15cm plant more for a succession
start inside in pots if slugs a problem
late more peas 4cm 3 seeds under plastic bottle + support
plant away from previous peas
late more beetroot 1cm 7cm 7cm later variety
late second early potatoes 10-15cm 30cm 60cm dib and earth up against frost
might delay until early May

Carrot Fly barrier: ineffective

~ Carrot barrier: ineffective ~ apr Carrots

I have recently sown about half a bed of carrots with Nantes 2 . I usually cover the carrot bed with mesh which I find is the easiest way to stop carrot fly from spoiling the crop. When I took over my plot I was told that you could not grow carrots on the allotment because of carrot fly. I put up a barrier of about a half metre high which did prevent the pest spoiling the crop. It was a pain, though because it is quite exposed on the allotment and I had to keep repairing the plastic sheeting I used. I read or dreamt something about the fly not being active after June so I stopped repairing it. WRONG. I found out what happens if the carrots are unprotected. After that first year I just covered the carrots with mesh, with great success, but then I tried a barrier because it allowed access for beneficial insects and would be slightly easier to weed. Unfortunately I read on a Gardening website that the barrier needs only to be about 20 inches high. WRONG. My lovely crop was riddled. What a waste! I went back to the mesh cover. Ever since I have had a great crop, although I did have a false start one year when the first rows of seedlings vanished. I could not to work out what caused this with any degree of certainty. Frost seems unlikely under a mesh cover while I am not aware of gastropods liking the foliage of carrots. I thought it very odd until I received an e mail from Dawn which said that her carrots are often attacked by slugs and snails.



Coriander easily goes to seed

~ Coriander easil goes to seed ~ apr Coriander

I am going to scatter the seeds rather than planting them in rows as I know what they look (and smell!) like. These days I don’t really need to plant them at all as they come up all over the place. They are easy to identify, just gently squeeze a leaf with the fingernails and smell the wonderful aroma. They don’t like being replanted so I don’t plant them inside first, but put them straight in. Although they seem to be slightly exotic (less so these days perhaps) they actually don’t like hot dry spells, they get stressed and go to seed. (I know the feeling only too well). You can try to stop this by watering them but they are a bit touchy and grow better outside the very hot summer months.


Overwintered Flat Leaf Parsley

~ Flat Leaf Parsley ~ apr Parsley

I sow grow this lovely herb direct into the soil, but also inside using same technique as lettuces. ie I will plant them inside in small pots, a seed in each corner, before transplanting them when large enough. When transplanted, the seedlings grow away from each other. I don’t overcrowd them. The first lot should be ready to plant out by this point so it is important to have more coming through. It is a great feeling to be able to grab a handful and think about how much the equivalent would cost in a greengrocer. And, like lettuces, if not overcropped it will keep coming. The slugs and snails are quite partial, however, so vigilance is necessary around the salad bed, especially when very small, otherwise it’s a case of the amazing disappearing plants – overnight if you’re very unlucky.


Home Made Dibber

~ Home Made Dibber ~ apr Second early & early maincrop potatoes

I will plant these, slightly deeper and further apart than first earlies, in mid to late April. There is no point in risking the haulms catching an early frost as we’ll have the earlies to eat, (hopefully) in June. I usually have a feel around in the soil & remove the bigger ones in the first week of June. I like Desirée as an early maincrop and my old favourite, Nadine as a second early, but this year have replaced Nadine with the more readily available Maris Peer. All are chitting up beautifully. I don’t plant a maincrop as such because this avoids the worst time for the blight when the hot humid days come along. When I plant potatoes it takes very little time. I just dib a hole and drop the tubers in, sprouts upwards. When they come through I will earth up the haulms gradually to protect them from the frost and top this off with a mulch of fresh lawn clippings. Many of the established allotmenteers grow them in earthed up adjacent rows with steep, precipitous sides. One of my beds splits neatly into two rows which, once earthed up, look almost the same as their’s. I stagger the dibbed holes but I’m not sure this makes any difference, as eventually the rows are virtually separated.

Fennel Bulb

~ Fennel Bulb ~ apr Florence Fennel

This beautiful plant is so tasty, chopped raw into a salad or roasted with other vegetables and served with cous cous and a hot harissa sauce. It also braises nicely and is a great accompaniment for oven baked fish. I start them off indoors in individual pots until they big enough to transplant. Romanesco by Suffolk Herbs was a success but Kings stopped producing it when they took Suffolk over. The year before last I tried King’s Sweet Florence which were tasty, and I have also bought some di Firenze. which is just Italian for Florence but which have not grown well at all in Manchester.


Peas and Broad Beans

~ Pea Structure ~ apr Sugarsnap Peas and more Peas

Although you never seem to grow enough because the return is small compared to the space they take up, peas are really worth the trouble because their flavour is so good when picked fresh. When I first started I thought it was a good idea to plant everything in a succession to ensure a continuous supply. Of course this excludes produce that is easy to store, like onions or potatoes. The idea is to sow a little and often; a rule of thumb is to sow more seeds when the last sowing pops through. However I soon discovered that later sowings of some crops caught diseases that had attacked the weakened plants of earlier sowings as they reached maturity. I still plant many seeds in succession but not legumes. If I make two sowings , I put the second far away from the first on a different bed. Those who advocate splitting one's plot into four for rotation purposes don’t seem to address this problem.

I put up a wire fence and a wigwam of bamboo canes salvaged from my daughter’s garden when we dug it out. At the base of the fence or wigwam I dib three holes about 4cm deep and near enough to each other that a plastic bottle with the bottom cut away and the screw cap discarded will fit over all three. I then drop individual seeds into each hole. Finally I gently cover the holes with soil using the end of the dibber and cover each set of three seeds with the plastic bottle. This has a number of effects. It provides some protection against the seeds disappearing (mice?). It creates a mini greenhouse in which the seedlings may flourish and be protected from extremes of weather. It stops slug damage. It also delays the inevitable arrival of pea and bean weevil which creates such a visually attractive serrated edge to the leaves. Finally it provides valuable exercise chasing them all over the allotment in windy weather.

Sage with Companion

~ Sage with Companion ~ apr Herbs

I will plant various herbs like chives, basil, thyme and sage inside, initially in one large pot for each herb & then prick them out into small individual ones. Once the danger of frost is over and the warmer weather prevails I will plant them out (keeping some basil indoors – if you have any spare they make great impromptu gifts to be put on your friend’s kitchen windowsill). Apart from basil they survive the winter so I don’t need too many to replace the older “woody” stemmed ones and to keep the supply of fresh flavoursome herbs going.


Mr Majestyk

~ Mr Majestyk

<img src= French Marigolds

Plant inside, initially in one large pot like the herbs & then prick them out into small individual ones. They will grow in situ but the slugs like them and they are apt to disappear when small or,worse stillas they reach the surface so they appear to never actually see the light of day. I have a lot of seed I collected which should germinate. I love this beautiful and useful flower.

Sunflower always has visitors

~ Sunflower always has visitors ~ apr Sunflowers

I usually plant some indoors in individual pots, when I sow the corn and concurbits. Much self seeding usually occurs, as with Californian Poppy, Pot Marigolds and Poached Egg Plants, they just keep going. Providing you recognize them when they come through they can be left where they are, or if they are really in the way or growing near something they don’t like, all of these lovely flowers don’t mind being transplanted.


Lettuce Leaves

~ Lettuce Leaves ~ apr Just be Cos and Gastropod Psychology

I have now accumulated numerous varieties, mainly because I am so sparing in planting them. I will plant them inside in small pots, a seed in each corner, before transplanting them when large enough. I don’t know if the others need to be discarded but I will ‘have another try’ with them before taking such drastic action. A few years ago Eric said to me one evening: “Great idea of yours”. "Which one?" I responded, thinking that there might be more than one. “Picking the lettuce leaves,” he said. It transpired that when I told him about picking the leaves from Lollo Rossa he thought I meant to do this with all lettuces. The result is that since then neither of us allow lettuces to reach maturity but keep picking the outer leaves. It’s just like those packets of leaves you buy in the supermarket except Eric and I haven’t yet worked out how to squirt carbon dioxide on them. Oh, and another difference is they taste like lettuce. With a bit of foresight you can have fresh green salads nearly every night with your dinner, right through to the first frosts in October. You just need to sow some more when the last lot are small, and not wait until they eventually bolt, which is a surprisingly long time. Incidentally, I no longer grow Lollo Rossa, I picked up Grenoble, which has a red tinted leaf, in Tarbes market (strongly recommended if you are in the area) a couple of years ago when we were on holiday in the foothills of the Pyrenees. C’est magnifique. Of course if I say this to Sam, he just has to say “magnifique”. Terrible. When picking the leaves I rarely discard any lettuce leaf which has been partially eaten as this will generally be on the outside. This will provide the next meal for any returning gastropod which I may have missed when hunting the little blighters in the vicinity. When I pick the leaves I go for the next available clean and uneaten ones working from the outside. The worst pests are the tiny white slugs which get inside the plant, but, with patience, they can be removed before their dirty work becomes too much of a problem.

Tomato seedlings

~ Tomato seedlings~ apr Tomatoes (Outdoor)

I am not planting tomatoes at the allotment any more, as in the past few years with more and more people following suit potato blight has spread with an inevitability. It is one of those instances where common sense is shown to be much less common than the name suggests. You would think that those who spend hours nurturing the seedlings and planting them out in straight lines would remove diseased plants immediately. Unfortunately not. One nearby allotmenteer who objects to me planting pot marigolds left his decaying vines in situ for weeks, but then he did not see the need to remove numerous prolific weeds including fat hen going to seed. If you are in a position to grow tomatoes outside I would advise growing cherry tomatoes as they have a far greater chance of ripening. I would start them off indoors, planting seeds in compost in individual pots, slightly more than you estimate that you need. When they get too big for the pot, upgrade them to a larger one of about 15cm. Prepare beds for them to be planted out in May once the chance of frosts has gone. There is little point in being too early as if they are kept inside too long the plants are weakened by growing too leggy (with long stems and too little foliage) and they only sulk outside in cold weather, making no recognizable progress and looking thoroughly miserable.


Brassica seedlings

~ Brassica seedlings ~ apr Brassicas

I don’t grow many but I will be starting a few off inside to plant up half a bed. It is especially nice to have your own sprouts on Christmas Day You’d best take no notice of me whatsoever and let me know what to do. I have some Derby Day and Primo cabbage seed, Red Cap which believe it or not is a red one, and Long Island and Evesham Special sprouts. I tried yet another Calbrese: di Sarno but like all the previous ones it sprouted and went almost straight to flowers. The first year I successfully grew a variety produced by Johnson’s and when I tried to order it they had been taken over by Mr Fothergills and production of this variety had ceased. Ever since then everything I have tried has sprouted to nothing. Aargh!!!! Never mind I have just sown red and green cabbage and sprouts inside. Hopefully this year will be different!



updated april 2014 this month: what to do updated every month next month: what to do updated every month Vegetable Guide practical details on how to begin Companion Planting Crop Rotation herbs
weeds: common annuals& perennials slugs and snails a fresh, detailed, topical item of interest updated every month photo review of the year recipes from our chefs Basil and Doyle fellow plotdiggers share their pictures with us content and photos updated every month


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© Chris Smallbone April 2016

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